Anne, who is a Biology prof. in animal physiology at UC Davis, was an expedition cruise passenger on my Arctic Safari trip with Adventure Canada.
Here's the text I wrote to accompany this clip:
The arctic oceans are full of tiny animals, like these small swimming sea snails, known as sea butterflies, that provide food for fish, and breeding sea birds. @UCDavis Biology professor, Anne Todgham, captured this sea butterfly in the #iceberg laden waters near Store Glacier, Greenland with her waterproof Go Pro camera.
#arctic #SeaButterfly #iceberg #StoreGlacier #Greenland #GoPro. #Glacier #SeaButterfly #pterapod #pterapoda #FoodWeb @Adventure.Canada
Using Social Media for Science Communication means Making Choices
I'm a huge fan of Twitter for scientists. But, my daughters, both STEM undergraduates, don't use either it, or email, very much. They prefer Facebook (😟 ), Snapchat (😱 ) and Instagram (🙄 ).
In order to be more relatable to them, and youth in general 😬, I joined Instagram in 2015. Every now and then, I post pictures of plants (dead and alive), sciencey stuff, the York University campus and students.
It very quickly became clear to me, that Instagram communication skills are quite different from Twitter skills. Following Lisa, who runs Steacie Science and Engineering Library's Instagram feed, helped me to see what good academic Instagram posts look like. I have mastered Twitter, but I had a lot of difficulty wrapping my head around the Instagram post.
Now, I am not an enthusiastic photographer. Professional photographers undertake the important work of taking amazing photographs, and I support them by buying their art. I prefer words with the odd illustration. But, I recently got more excited about using social media photographs for science communication when I spotted this July tweet from the Council of Ontario Universities' Research Matters staff, @OntarioResearch.
"Hey!" I thought. "I do interesting (to me) research, and could probably contribute some weird photos with some engaging text". Followed by the next thought: "Maybe I could learn how to do Instagram for science better? It might help me in teaching and communicating ecology."
After I signed up for the #ResearcherTakeoverTuesday or #TakeoverTuesday, I had a lightbulb moment. I was aware that my proffered photos of fungal endophytes in grasses weren't that great, BUT I would be getting some spectacular photos from my upcoming August trip, as a resident botanist on two Adventure Canada expedition cruises to the high arctic. The Research Matters staff kindly agreed to the idea of me posting arctic photos rather than my grass and fungus photos, and after some homework, I decided to invest in a very good, small, camera: the Canon G9X. I knew that photos taken with my very old Sony Erickson phone and my iPad just wouldn't be that great.
In the arctic, I had another 💡 moment: sure, I had some great photos of icebergs, but the Adventure Canada staff included professional photographers. Plus, many of the passengers also had amazing camera gear. So I asked some of them for permission to post some of their photos on the Research Matters Instagram account! THANK YOU. After that, my main task was to create accompanying text for the awesome images!
Instagram caption writing is similar to creating figure legends for Biology textbooks
Creating tightly-written, fact-checked descriptions and context for my fellow travellers' great photographs was pretty tough, and I found that it took a fair amount of time. And, then there were all those hashtags! Twitter does best with 1-2 on-point hashtags, but Instagram loves a heap of hashtags.
All in all, I found that creating good Instagram text was most similar to writing figure legends for text books. The last time I did this was when when I joined the author team for the 2nd edition of an Ecology textbook. I have never enjoyed writing figure legends, and I think this is why I find writing text for Instagram posts so difficult.
It’s time for another Researcher #TakeoverTuesday! I’m @yorkuofficial ecology professor, Dawn Bazely (@drbazely) and I’ll be taking over the feed today. I began my fieldwork career in 1980, as an undergraduate field assistant at the University of Toronto, studying the effects of snow geese grazing on Hudson Bay saltmarshes. During my five summers on the tundra, east of Churchill, I learned to identify arctic plants. Since then, I’ve done research all over the arctic. In 2016, I was invited to be the resident botanist on three @adventure.canada cruises, the most recent being in August from Greenland to Nunavut. I discovered adventure tourism is a lot like an undergraduate field course, but without the assignments for the passengers! Our expedition teams included diverse scientists, professional photographers, and Inuit culturalists. Here I am directing passengers to the graves of three sailors lost during the 1845 Franklin Expedition to the now National Historic Site, Beechey Island, a peninsula off Devon Island in Nunavut. Amazingly, there are many plants growing among the rocks of this harsh Polar Desert biome, that require botanists to get down on our hands and knees to see them up close. (Photo credit: André Gallant, the expedition’s professional photographer)
After the 1845 Franklin Expedition was lost, the British Admiralty sent the Belcher Expedition to find them. Northumberland House supply depot was built in 1852-53, about 1km from the Franklin Expedition’s sailors’ graves on Beechey Island, Devon Island, Nunavut. This shelter, provisioned with barrels of coal and cans of food, also provided shelter and nutrient inputs for the local ecosystem. This created a habitat that supports greater plant growth, in contrast to the previous Polar Desert. Professional photographer, and Nikon ambassador @kristianbogner's shot of arctic poppy flowers with a 160-year-old rusty can perfectly captures this micro-climate.
@adventure.canada's arctic safari sailed west from the tundra of Greenland to the Polar Desert biome of Baffin and Devon Islands. Deanna Leonard-Spitzer, the expedition’s marine mammal specialist identified many whales and seals along the way. At Croker Bay, Devon Island, Nunavut, she put aside her zodiac driver duties, and came ashore to photograph some of the late summer flowers amongst the rocks. You can see me (@drbazely) crawling in the background, identifying the arctic flora. Icebergs in the background.
Millions of seabirds breed in the arctic. On the Arctic Safari, we encountered Fulmars, Thick Billed Murres, Black Legged Kittiwakes, Black Guillemots, and Glaucous Gulls. We visited nesting colonies at Prince Leopold Island, Nunavut and Upernavik region, Greenland. At Upernavik, expedition professional photographer, André Gallant, shot this Black Legged Kittiwake. The rock wall above the ledge is orange with Xanthoria Lichen.
Couldn't get enough of @drbazely's #TakeoverTuesday yesterday? We got one more for you! Species richness declines with increasing latitude, nearer the poles. But, Greenland has over 400 lichen species. @adventure.canada’s Arctic Safari trip took us to dry, cold tundra and Polar Desert biomes. Lichens are able to survive in these harsh environments. A lichen is a symbiosis between a cup fungus, Ascomycota, and a photosynthetic cyanobacteria or alga. Recently, a third partner, a different type of fungus, yeast, was discovered in some lichens. @uofguelph biology professor, Alex Smith, used an inexpensive magnifying lens clipped on his smartphone to take this close up of a Xanthoria lichen.
P.S. What on earth is a cruise ship doing with a resident botanist?
The story of how and why I came to be resident botanist for Adventure Canada's expedition cruise family business is the topic for a future post. I was able to get to remote locations and check out the plant communities for future vegetation sampling, and to develop some citizen science project ideas.